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Spring Wheat Crop Quality Impacted by Weather Conditions
USAgNet - 09/25/2019

Producers were able to make some harvest progress over the last week. About 87 percent of the U.S. spring wheat crop has been harvested. Harvest in South Dakota is nearly complete, but in the remaining states anywhere from 10-20 percent of the spring wheat is still in the field. Much of the region received precipitation over the weekend, with isolated areas receiving four or five inches or more. At this point, some of the wheat may not be harvested due to inability to access fields and severe quality downgrades. Quality on the last portion of the harvest has obviously been impacted greatly by the weather conditions.

Quality sample analysis at the NDSU wheat quality lab continues with about 70 percent of the expected samples collected. Protein remains stable at 14.6 percent, test weight is averaging 60.3 pounds per bushel (79.3 kg/hl), thousand kernel weights are higher than last year at 34.1 grams. he vitreous kernel content is averaging 65 percent, a noticeable side effect of the wet weather and damage is slightly higher than last year at 0.4 percent. The crop currently grades a No. 1 Northern Spring. Falling number values are noticeably lower this year. While many producers harvested a good crop with strong yields and good quality, other producers are struggling with issues of lower falling number values this year. A larger than normal portion of the crop has falling numbers below 300 with some reports below 200 or lower.

Harvest of the Northern durum crop remains slow. The most recent crop progress report from USDA estimates that 73 percent of the North Dakota durum had been harvested, but some areas of production are reporting harvest completion of 50 percent or less. In Montana, about half has been harvested. The main durum producing regions have received consistent rainfall in recent weeks, impacting harvest progress and causing quality concerns. Less than half of the harvest samples have been collected and analyzed at the NDSU wheat quality lab and very few of those samples are from northwest North Dakota, where harvest pace has been especially slow. So far, protein is about a half of point lower than last year at 13.7 percent and test weights are averaging 60.7 pounds per bushel (79.1 kg/hl Falling number so far averages 364 seconds, lower than last year. Color has been adversely affected by the wet conditions with vitreous kernel content so far at 63 percent and damage is higher than last year at 0.4 percent.

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Sheah Auguers/SD Ellenbecker
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